EVM Full Form - What is EVM and how does EVM work?

EVM Full Form - What is EVM and how does EVM work?

EVM Full Form, what is EVM, what does EVM mean, what is the full form of EVM. If you are also looking for answers to these questions, then read this post completely because in this post I will tell you about EVM machine as well as EVM machine, how EVM works.

Our country India is a democratic country, ie a country where the government is elected by the people. Elections are held from time to time in our country to elect a government and it is the responsibility of the Election Commission to conduct elections.

The first election in India was held between October 25, 1951, i.e., that election process, which lasted nearly four months, brought India to a new place and placed itself in the line of the world's declared democratic countries.

From 1951 to 1998, only Ballot Box was used for elections in India. In the election process from the ballot box, a special paper had to be put on the ballot box by marking the election symbol of your favorite candidate.

After 1998, the use of ballot box gradually decreased in elections because it used to take too much time to count votes, ballot papers used to cost a lot and fake voting was also done.

Therefore, keeping in mind all these things, the Election Commission of India introduced EVM, which reduced corruption, votes couting time, election expense in elections. Let us know what EVM full form is and how EVM machine works.

What is EVM Full Form - How was EVM Machine invented?

The full form of EVM is " Electronic Voting Machine". India's first EVM machine was invented in 1980 by "M.B. Hanifa ", which he had registered on 15 October 1980 under the name of " इलेक्ट्रॉनिक संचालित मतगणना मशीन ".

In 1989, the Election Commission of India started making it an EVM machine in association with the 'Electronic Co-Operation of India Limited' and then after some time the Election Commission selected two big electronic companies for this purpose. . These two companies are-

  • Bharat Electronic Limited - Bangalore-based Bharat Electronic Limited works under the Government of India, and produces electronic goods primarily for the Indian Armed Forces.
  • Electronic Corporation of India - ECIL based in Hyderabad Is also under the Government of India, and works for the Department of Atomic Energy

The first EVM in India was used in 1998 by-election for North Paravoor Assembly Constituency in Kerala at some polling stations.

Electronic Voting Machine Design and Technology ( ईवीएम की डिजाईन और टेक्नोलॉजी )

Every EVM machine has 2 parts - the first part is the balloting unit (polling unit) and the second part is the control unit (control unit).

The first part means balloting unit is for voters and the second part means control unit for polling officers (polling officer).

These two parts of EVM are connected by a five meter long wire. The ballot unit would have been placed in a place where no one could see the voter while casting his vote.

evm machine

Whenever a voter comes to cast a vote, the polling officer sitting near the control unit presses the ballot button, after which the voter would vote on the voting unit by pressing the button next to the candidate's name and the election symbol. is.

It is not possible to vote more than once by repeatedly pressing the button of the EVM machine, because the machine stops after pressing the button next to the name of a candidate in the polling unit and until the voting by the polling officer The ballot button cannot be pressed until it can be cast.

If a person presses two buttons simultaneously, his vote is not recorded. Thus the EVM machine ensures the principle of "one person, one vote"

EVM runs with a simple 6 volt battery, ie it is easily used even in places where there is no electricity, as well as no voter is afraid of electric shock due to the low voltage EVM.

A maximum of 3840 votes can be recorded in an EVM and names of maximum 64 candidates can be entered in an EVM. In a "polling unit" the names of 16 candidates are mentioned and 4 such units can be added to an EVM.

Some interesting facts about Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)

  • In the 2004 general elections, for the first time, voters across India had cast their votes through EVMs.
  • When the machine was purchased in 1989-90, the cost of an EVM was Rs 5500.
  • India-made EVMs are purchased in Nepal, Bhutan Namibia and Kenya.
  • The EVM has been made in such a way that even uneducated voters can also vote by pressing the button next to the candidate's election symbol and picture.
  • There is a six volt alkaline battery inside every EVM which keeps the machine running even when there is no electricity.
  • An EVM can register a maximum of 3840 votes. There are usually no more than 1500 voters at any polling booth.
  • For the first time every EVM will have the last button 'NOTA' or 'None of the above names'.
  • Results can be protected within EVM for 10 years.
  • No candidate or party can contest elections on the symbol of 'boar' or 'bag of notes'.

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